the R field

 

The R field is an abyss, an axis, a two-way access ... (a cosmic rat's alley, Milton Crookshank would call it, in his own perverse inimical way). 

In a holographic universe, perceived by the mind functioning holographically, it is the space between the two hovering viewpoints, their interference essential to the process, by which are created the three-dimensional holograms we perceive as everything 'out there', 'other' ... the gap between, the space through which telepathy (and other waves of potential, data storage and meaning) can pass.

That which exists (a mere function) between the left and right sides of the brain.

Crystals are honed and tuned. We create the technology - it evolves in the interface with us and through us - by which we can perceive these otherwise invisible waves ... the technology evolves, perfects itself on the lattices of matter/momentary static form and renders them 'visible.'

***

The R Field is the R in iRony.  The gap through which the meaning passes, the spectral truth we dare to dream of, between what seems to have been said and what seems to have been meant. The occulted made apparently visible. Graspable ... the entire universe, merely a  dream without our skulls; in each, an entirely unique universe, plangent with différãnçe ...  

There is only one truth accessible to human consciousness that includes the truth of myth, and is therefore essentially authentic and viable: it is Irony. The human mind is structured by IRONY. (On the material neuronal level this exists as holographic images and systems.) 

Any so-called statement or assertion of 'truth' - that smacks of certainty - is false.

Thus the only wider systems of connected truth (webs networks etc) that are not false are those we associate with Conspiracy: Coincidence: Romance.

Overlay the web of memory to the web of imagination and what do you get? Moire patterns. Heaped upon each other ... milles feuilles. (Known as having your cake and eating it?) And what do they beget, in copulation with each other? Holograms ...  Holographic time and space; in which each moment of time is accessible, to any human mind at any instant of time, past and future ... as long as you use the R Field to access it. Time is structured holographically.

Nothing is more perversely ironic (the pornographic humour of the gods) than time ... 

To enter the NOH ... lose your memory. Erase the memory maps ... who cares a fuck about the past, except when it holds us back? From what? The future, (which by definition is that domain in which all memory is erased) our imagining it and flying into it ...

*

Telepathy splits IRONY into two halves of the same egg. One egg which hatches out two birds ... alas, sharing one yoke ...

(Develop - in the context of irony:  Eve's apple. Salome's dance.  Love's body. Death's domain.)

Eat the sacred mushroom, and see.

Two birds on one tree, one only eats of the sacred fruit ... Soma

The R field It is the difference between copse and coRpse.

We are the two birds ...

Choose carefully between the falcon, the hawk, the vulture and the phoenix. 

*

Robert Temple describes the R field, perfectly. He calls it the Anubis Field;

qv: the introduction in his reprinted masterpiece: The Sirius Mystery. 

ISBN 0 7126 7874 3

"More important is Complexity Theory, which is still in the process of establishing itself. It deals with the sudden onset or loss of long-range order by what scientists call 'phase transitions' and symmetry breaking'. I should point out that the mass ratio of Sirius B and our Sun demonstrates that long-range order exists between the two solar systems, extending over a distance of 8.7 light-years, which can only be explained by conceiving of the two solar systems inhabiting the same 'cell' of space. And if that is the case, then we know from Complexity Theory that a strange form of what resembles 'instantaneous communication' subsists in such 'cells' whereby huge macro-regions of space behave as if their elements were not separated by spatial or temporal distance, and the 'cell' engages in what is called 'self-organization'. Such a 'cell' turns into what is called by scientists a 'dissipative structure' which turns disorder into order.

The 1977 Nobel laureate for Chemistry, Professor Ilya Prigogine, whom I have visited in Brussels, has stressed that the onset of complexity in a system can result in the instantaneous extension of long-range order by a magnitude of ten million or more, as is easily demonstrated in the onset of so-called Bénard Cells caused by thermal convection in a fluid. This enormous expansion of order is equivalent to one fifth of the population of Britain suddenly and spontaneously adopting the same bodily posture at the same instant while having no direct contact with one another. Imagine ten million people suddenly standing on their heads for no apparent reason. An outside observer might call this uncontrollable turbulence, for a hairdresser doing this would start cutting toenails, driver would lose control of their vehicles, tennis players would invariably hit the net...It would be chaos. But nevertheless, it would not be denied that ten million people had stood on their heads at the same time due to some mysterious long-range ordering principle which extended across the whole country. This turbulent chaos is in fact a spontaneous creation of complexity. For a moment ago the ten million people had absolutely nothing in common about their posture, but now there is no denying that there is an immense complexity in existence, — a connection suddenly exists which did not previously exist — a coherence is established. Ten million simultaneous, complex, intricate and criss-crossing links exist: the ten million people have all suddenly stood on their heads all just like each other. This is analogous to what actually happens in a Bénard Cell, where ten million molecules instantaneously align.

The discovery of the significance of the 1.053 mass ratio between Sirius B and our Sun suggests that our solar system and the Sirius system are elements of a larger entity which is a self-organizing open system — what is called in thermodynamics a 'dissipative structure far from thermal equilibrium'. But let us give it an actual name, I propose to call it the Anubis Cell. The Anubis Cell clearly has long-range order extending over at least 8.7 light-years. Since all such structures increase their order and eliminate their disorder, a continuous ordering process must have been in operation inside the Anubis Cell since at least the formation of either our Sun or Sirius B's condensation as a white dwarf, whichever was the later. Long-range order has thus operated between the systems presumably for billions of years. Under such circumstances, both solar systems must have a shared movement in relation to the Galaxy. The two systems must also be in continuous harmonic resonance with one another. It may be presumed that a significant perturbation of one would affect the other, and that this could apply to very high frequency events including 'mental', 'thought' or 'information' events. Membership of the same cosmic cell implies the potential for the modulation of some shared field (of an unknown type, but possibly not unlike the 'quantum potential' proposed by my friend the late David Bohm to solve the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Paradox in physics—a subject we cannot go into here!) for purposes of communication between the systems. Let us call it here the 'cell potential'. In other words, electromagnetic amplitude modulation such as radio, for signalling in the traditional manner, may be unnecessary. The strange aspects of long-range order may mean that in some way yet to be discovered by us, instantaneous communication between the systems might be possible, which would seem to overcome the limitations of the speed of light for communication between them. Psychic communication and even nonmaterial interactions of souls might be possible.

The ancient Egyptians said that the Sirius system was where people go when they die. The Dogon say the same thing, and perhaps the Sirius system is the actual location of 'the Other World' in more senses than one. Inspirations may even come to humans on Earth from the Sirius system by harmonic resonance articulated by the (still undefined) Anubis Field of the Anubis Cell, and this might be instantaneously 'transmitted' not as a signal but by harmonic resonance response within the continuous Anubis Field subsisting within this cosmic cell.

We have similar phenomena throughout nature: even the lowly sponge had been found to have a physically impossible 'conduction velocity' for stimulus transmission from one end of its body to another. So bizarre were these findings that the three Canadian scientists involved in studying it were forced to suggest that a sponge was like a single giant nerve cell so that: 'the entire conduction system could act as a single neuron'. If a simple sponge can defy time and space at the bottom of the sea, surely the Anubis Cell can do so within the Galaxy. The Anubis Cell may be analogous to a macroscopic 'neuron' seen from the point of view of Galactic scale. And this brings us to another possibility: the Anubis Cell may be alive. The vast Ordering Principle may be an Entity. Even if it were not an Entity to start with, it must long ago have spontaneously generated considerable consciousness, if only by weighted connections in parallel distributed processing. And we can be sure that it has had a few billion years to do its thinking.

And it we are to be agreeable and tolerated parasites, perhaps we should give some thought to this problem. It may be that one communicates with the Entity by modulating the Anubis Field with one's thought patterns— a procedure generally known as prayer.  However, I do not wish to encourage people to try and receive 'channelled inspiration' from the Anubis Field, because that immediately opens the door to all the world's crazies—every nut in California who thinks he or she is a chosen vessel for privileged communication will start spouting and pontificating in the most offensive manner and pretending to be All-Wise. I think we could adopt an unbreakable rule: anyone who insists that what he says is true is a phoney. The only people to whom one should ever listen are those who suggest things tentatively, as possibly true. Conscious of the need never to insist upon the truth of anything, I want to stress that everything in this book is hypothetical. I have never insisted on the truth of any of it. If it were all disproved tomorrow, I would be surprised but not dismayed. I believe we should never, never accept anyone's insistence upon the necessary truth of a theory which cannot be proved. To do so is to surrender your integrity as an entity yourself. That is why one should never join a religious sect or cult with a leader who says that he knows the absolute truth. There have been several very sinister cults which have adopted The Sirius Mystery as a recommended text, but never with my encouragement. I do not, cannot, and will not ever support such cults. Most of them have sensed that and have left me alone personally. All cults are destructive of human integrity. I feel sorry for people insecure enough to join them; the cult leaders exploit their insecurity by offering them spurious 'leadership'. And I condemn utterly anyone who attempts to make use of my writings or ideas in connection with such activities.

Returning now to our observations of the pyramid measurements, the value of 1.0678 given there may thus also be a double-tease by the builders. For not only does it vary from the precise mass ratio of Sirius B and our Sun by a tiny amount equal to one harmonic natural constant, but it varies from another harmonic natural constant by that same exact amount. One could then say that the builders were only intending to express the latter, ignorant of the astrophysical ratio, but the following additional correlations relating to the Sirius system discourage such a notion.

What about the respective radii of Sirius B and our sun? Are they indicated by the two pyramids? Turning to a different form of measure, the slope angles of the respective pyramids, we find that the sides of the Great Pyramid originally had slope angles of about 51 52' to the ground, according to Edwards, which is equal to 51.866 , wheras the Pyramid of Khephren had slightly steeper slopes of 52 20' according to Edwards, less than the slope of the Pyramid of Khephren, which yields a value equivalent to the relative radius of Sirius B to that of our sun accurate to 0.0011. The appearance of these two correspondences act as a kind of cross-correlation on each other, since one is accurate to 0.014 and the other is accurate to 0.0011. This significantly reduces the chance of coincidence being at work in these correlations, as there is not only one such correlation but a pair. However, there are two more to come.

I am not insisting that these correlations are intended, but suggesting that they may be, considering the established connections already noted between the pyramids and the Sirius cult.

From the latest information about Sirius C in their 1995 article, Benest and Duvent state that Sirius C cannot be much more then about 0.05 of the mass of our sun (and of Sirius B). Using one of the simple length measures of the kind which seemed to indicate the relative masses of Sirius B and our sun, the mass of Sirius C may be indicated by the height of the missing pyramidion (top point) of the Great Pyramid. For it was 31 feet and the original total height of the pyramid was 481.4 feet, according to Edwards, so that the height of the pyramidion was 0.0643 of the total height of the pyramid, corresponding to within 0.01 of the 0.05 of solar mass suggested for Sirius C in 1995.

This is thus the third Sirius astrophysical measurement correlation accurate to at least 0.01 to be found in the Giza pyramid complex.

What about the third pyramid in the Giza complex, known as the Pyramid of Mycerinus? What significance could it have in this scheme of things? Edwards says that the Pyramid of Mycerinus originally had a height of 218 feet. The height of the Pyramid of Khephren was originally 471 feet, according to Edwards. The ratio of these two heights is 2.160. We note from Benest and Duvent that the latest estimate of the ratio of the masses of our sun and Sirius A  is 2.14. The correspondence is thus accurate within 0.02. This is a fourth possible correspondence.

Can it be, therefore, that the pyramid complex at Giza is representing to us, among many other things such as the value of pi and the dimensions of our Earth, the relative masses of the three stars of the Sirius system? They all seem to be there, accurate to the second or third decimal. Nor is that likely to exhaust the possibilities. But any further discussions will have to be left for another time.

©Robert Temple

The Sirius Mystery.

Reprinted 1998: Century Publishing

ISBN: 0 7126 7874 3

*

NOH plays as shamanism:

"It is relevant to note here that in the Noh plays, many of which we should rightly regard as mystical literature deriving from rituals for calling up a numen or ghost, overwhelmingly the most frequent form in which the kami appear is that of the old man. In Awaji, for example, the god Izanagi appears an an old man.

More often, however, it is to the sleeping eye rather than to the waking one that the kami reveal themselves. Dream is apparently an easier medium than waking consciousness for the kami to manifest themselves in the human mind. In a reimu, or divine dream, the kami may himself appear in the guise of an old man or a beautiful woman, often delivering an answer to a problem perplexing a dreamer.

Many tales of such dreams occur in the medieval collections of Buddhist tales."

Carmen Blacker: "The Catalpa Bow"

 

***

Epigraph to the novel: Nora and ...

"The theme of telepathy is in essence alien to psych-analysis ... you remember, one day I told you; you are my daughter and I have no daughter ... I have a foreign body in my head, you remember ... As for Ferenczi and his daughters, and  the "experiments" which he apparently carried out with them, there'd be so much to say ..."

Quoted from Telepathy: by Jacques Derrida. The Oxford Literary Review: translated by Nicholas Royle, author of "Telepathy and Literature"

Is this a question of Telepathy - or the R field?

Within the flux and web of alien yet internal communications, of which we must (by definition) remain unconscious, is not the means by which data is transferred across the webs of the R field, not experienced by us as telepathy? Or received by us, into the lattices of our minds' constantly evolving and regressing morphozones, by way of dreams ... especially dreams enhanced by psycho-pharmacological temporary erasure of the tyranny of the ego - such as the 'artificially' induced; false and yet utterly illuminating illusory paradises of Opium Dreams.

 

Further Notes:

Qv Robert Graves: heaven and Hell were/are imaginary domains created entirely thanks to the persistent historical use of religiously sanctioned hallucinogens. Preface:  The Greek Myths. Book 1. Penguin Books. ("Good one Robert! You were thirty years a head of your time!")  

Qv; Terence McKenna. Currently on an en-light-ened - free of body -  trip along the narrow road to the deep north, floating in the NOH ... ("Have a good trip Terence! Greetings from fellow pilgrim, wanderer, John Faulkner!")

Nora and ... Perhaps the novel (as the text within the text suggests) is entirely received telepathically, under the influence of Opium. Written by Nora, of course, Layla and Maria's mother. Step-sisters ... one birds partakes of the fruit, the other watches ... (One fucks and dies, the other, the voyeur ... )  

***

1. Dennis Gabor: the discovery of Holography:

The mathematical principle of holography - the physics of the equations by which three-dimensional images can be created in two dimensions - was discovered (invented, imagined, given, received) by Dennis Gabor in 1947.

{A hologram is a holographic photograph of a three-dimensional object, printed on two-dimensional paper, which appears to exist in three-dimensional space. We appear to live in three spatial dimensions. Recent work in physics has suggested there are many other dimensions we cannot yet perceive. Temporal and spatial. To make a holographic photograph of a sculpture of a girl's head, it is photographed by laser light simultaneously from two viewpoints. This double viewpoint is created by taking the photograph through a half-silvered mirror. Half of the light is reflected back – the other half passes through the glass. The two images are recorded, superimposed on each other.

The image created by these two jumbled viewpoints resembles the surface of a pool of water into which two stones have been thrown; two spreading waves, interfering more and more with each other, becoming less and less coherent. But look at this apparently random chaotic mess, this witch's brew, through pure laser light, and the original object magically reappears, assuming its original perfect shape ... poised in three-dimensional space.}

Dennis Gabor was as surprised as anybody at the weird originality of his unexpected discovery, based as it was on the interference between the two ways of seeing, looking - for which he would later receive the Nobel prize for physics. He told the story afterwards with a sense of awe and wonder:

He was at the time working on a quite different, a problem. Frustrated and tired, stressed by the failure to make a breakthrough on his current question, he decided to relax, take a few days off from work. Relaxing, he was playing tennis, sitting out from a game, watching his friends playing. He was half-dozing in the warmth from the sun. Suddenly he 'woke up', became lucid and unexpectedly on edge, and alert. To his astonishment a whole new idea and equation had flooded into his brain and mind, 'as if from nowhere'. The extremely complex, puzzling, completely un-obvious principle of holography - entire and complete - had come to him, apparently, in a fraction of a second.  Given to his consciousness, either from his unconscious (which had presumably been working on the problem without his consent - obviously a case of reverse plagiarism) - or from ... ? Where? Gabor was never to suggest anything such as the occult ... or the nohzone. But ...

But he would always agree that it had been received, in some way inadvertently.  Without the agency of reason.

*

2. Sadie Plant: "Writing on Drugs"

Synaptic transmission is one of the nervous system's most important activities. The English psychologists Charles Sherrington identified the synapse in 1897, and there were some early suggestions that muscarine, one of the elements of Amanita muscaria, could activate the vagus nerve of frogs. But it was not until the 1920s that the nature of the transmissions it facilitates was identified as chemical. The possibility that information was carried between neurones by specific chemicals was first raised by the German pharmacologist Otto Loewi, who speculated that the cells in the brain might talk to one another with "little whiffs of scent." And then, in 1921, he had a powerful dream:

The night before Easter Sunday of that year I awoke, turned on the light, and jotted down a few notes on a tiny slip of thin paper. Then I fell asleep again. It occurred to me at 6 o'clock in the morning that I had written down something most important, but I was unable to decipher the scrawl. That Sunday was the most desperate day in my whole scientific life. During the next night, however, I awoke again at 3 o'clock, and I remembered what it was. This time I did not take any risk. I got up immediately, went to the laboratory, made the experiment on the frog's heart, and at five o'clock the chemical transmission of the nervous impulses was conclusively proved.

Loewi was amazed by the dream source of his discovery. "Careful consideration in daytime would undoubtedly have rejected the kind of experiment I performed," he wrote. "Yet the whole nocturnal concept of the experiment was based on this eventuality, and the result proved to be positive, contrary to expectation." He would have been even more astounded by the later news that the chemical of which he dreamed was itself responsible for stimulating dreams themselves.

*

3. Henri Poincaré

One of the most significant mathematical discoveries of the Twentieth Century, was that made by Henri Poincaré, of his famous Equation, which would become associated with his name forever.

He had been working on the problem for a long time. He was following a hunch, as mathematicians must do. Listening to the music of the spheres ... He was sure there must be an elegant, simple solution to a number of conflicting questions he had been asking for many years. He knew that if he could find this simple equation that would resolve all the different viewpoints, he would have found one of the most powerful tools for the use of mathematicians grappling with the chaos and complexities of modern physics.

Finally, he gave up. Everything he had tried had failed. Humbled, he had to admit defeat. The equation simply didn't exist. All his recent work had merely emphasised the unlikelihood of its existence.

Frustrated, deeply disappointed, angry with himself for the time he had blindly wasted, he decided to take his family (much neglected) on a holiday in the south of France. In the sun he played with his children and did everything he could to forget his despair, his failure. Drank lots of wine, danced, ate good food; like any  Frenchman worth his salt would do! Restored his sense of balance. His Tao. His mind and body equilibrium had been sorely neglected in the months and years of hard, desperate work. There was a self-destructive touch of madness in his obsession, and he knew it. 

As he was boarding the train (the night train I like to think) to return to Paris, his right foot on the step, (he was right-handed) the other still on terra firma — it came to him. Entire and complete. Not what he had expected - its odd shape and form - but the holy grail he had been searching for years.

Feverishly, he wrote it down. Later he could check it. Yes ... it was right. Perfect. The equation summed everything up. Made everything possible. He had solved one of the great unifying mysteries of the universe. 

His immortality had been achieved.

***

4. Rainer Maria Rilke:

The Duino Elegies and the Sonnets to Orpheus.

***

 

The

RISEN

 A Holographic Novel

 

Peter Whitehead

(first published 1994)

***

 

"Two birds, friends joined together, clutch the same tree.

 One of them eats the sweet fruit;

the other looks on without eating."

 "The Riddle of the Soma Sacrifice"

The Rig Veda: 2000 B.C.

 

*

PROLOGUE

At the start of a total lunar eclipse, Matthew Sutherland, micro-biologist and crystallographer, working in his laboratory at Cambridge University, typed INITIATE into his computer, the code to start the experiment in which his unique jade-green X-ray laser beam would penetrate several layers of crystal lattices, flawed with traces of an organic, radioactive isotope of carbon, created millions of years before inside a unique, translucent, pyramidion-shaped diamond.

He was hoping to reveal how the split occurred at that ecstatic moment hundreds of millions of years ago, when elemental carbon became miraculously alive, capable of functioning in two separate ways, as living and non-living matter ... hoping to reveal how and why the element carbon changed from being utterly inert, dead, to become the essential, creative atom in every living system, the structural backbone of every molecule capable of self-replication.

At the same precise moment, John Faulkner, physicist manqué, alias John Raymonde, psycho-pharmacologist and adept at synthesizing psychotropic chemicals, sitting at the sacred centre of a copse of beech trees planted in two rows around a burial mound, the pattern flawed by a stray elm, singing a mantra, a phrase from the soprano aria from The Dark Side of the Moon, swallowed a translucent pyramidion-shaped crystal of synthetic Tiresiamine, developed from an extract of certain bodily fluids of a Mongolian shaman in trance, after eating a mixture of honey and crushed sacred mushroom: Soma.

He was hoping the experiment would turn on a chemical switch and induce a new bias-frequency in his brain, inducing receptivity to the so-far undetected

R-Field Matrix, enabling him to see holographically, as if through a half-silvered glass darkly; by which he meant to materialise a consciousness (expressing the wish to be reincarnated) with whom he had been in communication: an Egyptian shaman, Amenhotep, who in Tel El Amarna in the 18th Dynasty of Ancient Egypt had again used the technology by which human consciousness could be stripped from the holographically-structured gravity-field-continuum of the brain, transformed into a laser beam, and sent into space ...

The synchronicity in timing of their two, slightly flawed experiments, may have been a coincidence ... the convergence of their minds afterwards, as if two Virtual Reality programs on two computer screens had been mysteriously fused, was not.

Neither knew, though John had imagined the possibility, that at the same moment, a third experiment was being undertaken: the copper-handled door in the newly-discovered hidden chamber in the Great Pyramid of Pharaoh Cheops, in which the secret library of Imhotep was hidden, together with the body of Pharaoh Chephren, was being breached by a small robot, with its optic laser eye, breached by light and time and unenlightened man ... 

*

holography n. the science of producing a photographic record (hologram) by illuminating the object with coherent light from a laser beam and exposing a film to light reflected from this object and to a direct beam of the coherent laser light. When interference patterns on the film are illuminated by the laser beam a threedimensional image is produced. – holographic adj.  – holo'graphically adv.

holograph n. book or document handwritten by its author; original manuscript; autograph.

What do you call a computer disc – the original typescript – so to speak, so to write, comprising the text of a book of fiction, composed on a computer, about holography? A Virtual Holograph?

virtual adv. 1. having the essence or effect but not the appearance or form of: a virtual revolution. 2. Physics: being or involving a virtual image: a virtual focus. 3. Computers: of or relating to virtual storage: virtual memory. <L virtûs VIRTUE.

A hologram is a holographic photograph of a three-dimensional object, printed on two-dimensional paper, which appears to exist in three-dimensional space. We appear to live in three spatial dimensions. Recent work in physics has suggested there are many other dimensions we cannot yet perceive. Temporal and spatial. To make a holographic photograph of a sculpture of a girl's head, it is photographed by laser light simultaneously from two viewpoints. This double viewpoint is created by taking the photograph through a half-silvered mirror. Half of the light is reflected back – the other half passes through the glass. The two images are recorded, superimposed on each other.

The image created by these two jumbled viewpoints resembles the surface of a pool of water into which two stones have been thrown; two spreading waves, interfering more and more with each other, becoming less and less coherent. But look at this apparently random chaotic mess, this witch's brew, through pure laser light, and the original object magically reappears, assuming its original perfect shape ... poised in three-dimensional space.

*

The Risen: The novel is (amongst other things) - a 'study' (erotic fantasy-exploration) of the holographic nature (qv: David Bohm - the Holographic Universe) of the structure and functioning of the human brain, consciousness and perceived/received/imagined universe. (See Rodolfo Llinas)

 

THE NEURAL

"The evidence comes from understanding the nature of the brain mechanism involved in constructing perceptions—the mechanisms necessary to prehend the world of appearances. The story begins, not with perception however, but with memory. Specific memories are incredibly resistant to brain damage. Removing a hunk of brain tissue or injuring one or another portion of the brain does not excise a particular memory or set of memories. The process of remembering may be disturbed in some general way, or even some aspect of the general process may be disrupted. But never is a single memory trace of some particular experience lost while all else that is memorable is retained. This fact has become well established both through clinical observation in man and through experiments on animals. Thus in some way or other memory must become distributed—the experienced input from the senses becomes spread over a sufficient expanse of brain to make the memory of that experience resistant to brain damage.

Until recently, brain and behavioural scientists could not conceive of any mechanism that was consonant with the facts of brain anatomy and physiology and at the same time spread sensory input sufficiently to account for the distributed memory store. Now a plausible mechanism has been discovered.

In the late 1940s Dennis Gabor suggested that the resolution of electron microscopy could be enhanced if instead of storing images directly, the photographic film would be exposed to the patterns of light diffracted (filtered through or reflected from) by the tissue to be examined. Gabor's suggestion was formulated mathematically. Only many years later in the early 1960s was his suggestion realized in hardware. These hardware realizations made it obvious that images of the objects that had initially diffracted the light could readily be reconstructed. Thus object   wave storage   image construction could be seen to be a simple linear process. Furthermore, Gabor's equations showed that the identical mathematical transfer function transformed object into wave storage and wave storage into image! The storage of wave patterns is thus reciprocally related to the imaging of objects!! The wave functions are transforms of objects and their images.

Gabor named the wave pattern store a hologram because one of its most interesting characteristics is that information from the object becomes distributed over the surface of the photographic film. Each point of light diffracted from the object becomes blurred and is spread over the entire surface of the film (the equations that describe this are called spread functions), as is each neighbouring point of light. The spread is not haphazard, however, as the blur would lead one to believe. Rather, ripples of wave move out from the point of light much as ripples of waves are formed when a pebble strikes the smooth surface of a pond of water. Throw a handful of pebbles or sand into the pond, and the ripples produced by each pebble or grain will crisscross with those produced by the other pebbles or grains, setting up patterns of interfering wave fronts. The smooth mirror-like surface has become blurred, but the blur had hidden within it an unsuspectedly orderly pattern. If the pond could suddenly be frozen at this moment, its surface would be a hologram. The photographic hologram is such a frozen record of interference patterns.

It seemed immediately plausible that the distributed memory store of the brain might resemble this holographic record. I developed a precisely formulated theory based on known neuroanatomy and known neurophysiology that could account for the brain's distributed memory store in holographic terms. In the dozen or so years since, many laboratories including my own have provided evidence in support of parts of this theory. Other data have sharpened the theory and made it an even more precise fitting to the known facts.

Essentially, the theory reads that the brain at one stage of processing performs its analyses in the frequency domain. This is accomplished at the junctions between neurons not within neurons. Thus graded local waxings and wanings of neural potentials (waves) rather than nerve impulses are responsible. Nerve impulses are generated within neurons and are used to propagate the signals that constitute information over long distances via long nerve fibers. Graded local potential changes, waves, are constituted at the ends of these nerve fibers where they adjoin shorter branches that form a feltwork of interconnections among neurons. Some neurons, now called local circuit neurons, have no long fibers and display no nerve impulses. They function in the graded wave mode primarily and are especially responsible for horizontal connectivities in sheets of neural tissue, connectivities in which holographic-like interference patterns can become constructed.

Aside from these anatomical and physiological specifications, a solid body of evidence has accumulated that the auditory, somatosensory, motor, and visual systems of the brain do in fact process, at one or several stages, input from the senses in the frequency domain.* This distributed input must then, in some form, perhaps as changes in the conformation of proteins at membrane surfaces, become encoded into distributed memory traces. The protein molecules would serve the neural photographic hologram.

The explanation of the fact that specific memory traces are resistant to brain damage (remembering demands only that a small part of the distributed store remain intact in the same way that images can be reconstructed from small parts of a photographic hologram) has been only one of the contributions of holographic theory. Characteristics of the experience of imaging have been explained in an equally powerful manner. The projection of images away from their sources of origin has been demonstrated to result from processing phase relations (just as in the stereophonic audio systems described above). Simulations of image processing by computer have found no technique other than the holographic to provide the rich texture of scenes such as those that compose our experiences. And the complicated computations that go into three dimensional x-ray imaging by computerized tomography have relied heavily on the fact that such computations (mostly correlations) are performed readily in the frequency (holographic) domain.

*Much of the weekend conference sponsored by The Association for Humanistic Psychology was devoted to presenting this evidence in detail.

 

INSERT SOURCE

***

HOLOGRAPHIC UNIVERSE

"The Center is everywhere"

MICHAEL TALBOT:

1. Experimental support for the Holographic brain.

2. The dancer as wave form

3. The candle and the laser

***

 

Experimental Support for the Holographic Brain

For Pribram the many similarities between brains and holograms were tantalizing, but he knew his theory didn't mean anything unless it was backed up by more solid evidence. One researcher who provided such evidence was Indiana University biologist Paul Pietsch. Intriguingly, Pietsch began as an ardent disbeliever in Pribram's theory. He was especially skeptical of Pribram's claim that memories do not possess any specific location in the brain.

To prove Pribram wrong, Pietsch devised a series of experiments and as the test subjects of his experiments he chose salamanders. In previous studies he had discovered that he could remove the brain of a salamander without killing it, and although it remained in a stupor as long as its brain was missing, its behaviour completely returned to normal as soon as its brain was restored.

Pietsch reasoned that if a salamander's feeding behaviour is not confined to any specific location in the brain, then it should not matter how its brain is positioned in its head. If it did matter, Pribram's theory would be dis-proven. He then flip-flopped the left and right hemispheres of a salamander's brain, but to his dismay, as soon as it recovered, the salamander quickly resumed normal feeding.

He took another salamander and turned its brain upside down. When it recovered it, too, fed normally. Growing increasingly frustrated, he decided to resort to more drastic measures. In a series of over 700 operations he sliced, flipped, shuffled, subtracted, and even minced the brains of his hapless subjects, but always when he replaced what was left of their brains, their behaviour returned to normal.

These findings and others turned Pietsch into a believer and attracted enough attention that his research became the subject of a segment on the television show 60 Minutes. He writes about this experience as well as giving detailed accounts of his experiments in his insightful book Shufflebrain.               

 

The Dancer as Wave Form.

But perhaps the most startling finding Pribram uncovered was Russian scientist Nikolai Bernstein's discovery that even our physical movements may be encoded in our brains in a language of Fourier wave forms. In the 1930s Bernstein dressed people in black leotards and painted white dots on their elbows, knees, and other joints. Then he placed them against black backgrounds and took movies of them doing various physical activities such as dancing, walking, jumping, hammering, and typing.

When he developed the film, only the white dots appeared, moving up and down and across the screen in various complex and flowing movements (see fig.6). To quantify his findings he Fourier-analyzed the various lines the dots traced out and converted them into a language of wave forms. To his surprise, he discovered the wave forms contained hidden patterns that allowed him to predict his subjects' next movement to within a fraction of an inch.

When Pribram encountered Bernstein's work he immediately recognized its implications. Maybe the reason hidden patterns surfaced after Bernstein Fourier-analyzed his subject's movements was because that was how movements are stored in the brain. This was an exciting possibility, for if the brain analyzed movements by breaking them down into their frequency components, it explained the rapidity with which we learn many complex physical tasks. For instance, we do not learn to ride a bicycle by painstakingly memorizing every tiny feature of the process. We learn by grasping the whole flowing movement. The fluid wholeness that typifies how we learn so many physical activities is difficult to explain if our brains are storing information in a bit-by-bit manner. But it becomes much easier to understand if the brain is Fourier-analyzing such tasks and absorbing them as a whole.

 

The Candle and the Laser.

Certainly one of the most fascinating properties of a piece of holographic film is the nonlocal way an image is distributed in its surface.

As we have seen, Bohm believes the universe itself is also organized in this manner and employs a thought experiment involving a fish and two television monitors to explain why he believes the universe is similarly nonlocal. Numerous ancient thinkers also appear to have recognized, or at least intuited, this aspect of reality. The twelfth-century Sufis summed it up by saying simply that 'the macrocosm is the microcosm,' a kind of earlier version of Blake's notion of seeing the world in a grain of sand. The Greek philosophers Anaximenes of Miletus, Pythagoras, Heraclitus, and Plato; the ancient Gnostics; the pre-Christian Jewish philosopher Philo Judaeus; and the medieval Jewish philosopher Maimonides—all embraced the macrocosm-microcosm idea.

After a shamanic vision of the subtler levels of reality the semimythical ancient Egyptian prophet Hermes Trismegistus employed a slightly different phrasing and said that one of the main keys to knowledge was the understanding that 'the without is like the within of things; the small is like the large.' The medieval alchemists, for whom Hermes Trismegistus became a kind of patron saint, distilled the sentiment into the motto 'As above, so below.' In talking about the same macrocosm-equals-microcosm idea the Hindu Visvasara Tantra uses somewhat cruder terms and states simply, 'What is here is elsewhere.'

The Oglala Sioux medicine man Black Elk put an even more nonlocal twist on the same concept. While standing on Harney Peak in the Black Hills he witnessed a 'great vision' during which he 'saw more than I can tell and I understood more than I saw; for I was seeing in a sacred manner the shapes of all things in the spirit, and the shape of all shapes as they must live together as one being.' One of the most profound understandings he came away with after this encounter with the ineffable was that Harney Peak was the center of the world. However, this distinction was not limited to Harney Peak, for as Black Elk put it, 'Anywhere is the center of the world.' Over twenty-five centuries earlier the Greek philosopher Empedocles brushed up against the same sacred otherness and wrote that 'God is a circle whose center is everywhere, and its circumference nowhere.'

Not content with mere words, some ancient thinkers resorted to even more elaborate analogies in their attempt to communicate the holographic properties of reality. To this end the author of the Hindu Avatamsaka Sutra likened the universe to a legendary network of pearls said to hang over the palace of the god Indra and 'so arranged that if you look at one [pearl], you see all the others reflect in it.' As the author of the Sutra explained, 'In the same way, each object in the world is not merely itself, but involves every other object and, in fact, is everything else.'

Fa-Tsang, the seventh-century founder of the Hua-yen school of Buddhist thought, employed a remarkably similar analogy when trying to communicate the ultimate interconnectedness and inter-penetration of all things. Fa-Tsang, who held that the whole cosmos was implicit in each of its parts (and who also believed that every point in the cosmos was its center), likened the universe to a multidimensional network of jewels, each one reflecting all others ad infinitum.

When the empress Wu announced that she did not understand what Fa-Tsang meant by this image and asked him for further clarification, Fa-Tsang suspended a candle in the middle of a room full of mirrors. This, he told the empress Wu, represented the relationship of the One to the many. He then took a polished crystal and placed it in the center of the room so that it reflected everything around it. This, he said, showed the relationship of the many to the One. However, like Bohm, who stresses that the universe is not simply a hologram but a holo-movement, Fa-Tsang stressed that his model was static and did not reflect the dynamism and constant movement of the cosmic interrelatedness among all things in the universe.

In short, long before the invention of the hologram, numerous thinkers had already glimpsed the nonlocal organization of the universe and had arrived at their own unique ways to express this insight. It is worth noting that these attempts, crude as they may seem to those of us who are more technologically sophisticated, may have been far more important than we realize. For instance, it appears that the seventeenth-century German mathematician and philosopher Leibniz was familiar with the Hua-yen school of Buddhist thought. Some have argued that this was why he proposed that the universe is constituted out of fundamental entities he called 'monads,' each of which contains a reflection of the whole universe. What is significant is that Leibniz also gave the world integral calculus, and it was integral calculus that enabled Dennis Gabor to invent the hologram.

 

THE HOLOGRAPHIC UNIVERSE:

© Michael TALBOT 1991

Harper Collins

ISBN: 0 586 09171 8

***

 

Back Top of Page Map